Annex 13 Selected Road Corridors
Venue : Kaleb Hotel ;
Starting Time :10:00
List of participants: Residents from the project site Woredas- (See attached list of participants)
Resettlement policy framework and Social impact Assessment
W/t Elleni Zemenfeskidus
Environmental and social impact management and policy framework
An opening speech was made by the head of the project Ato Behailu. He said that this project is design to upgrade and improve the city transport efficiency, pedestrian safety and institutional capacity of the Addis Ababa road and transport sector.
Then he expressed his feeling thatthe consultative meeting will allow to collect valuable information from all participants. He further noted that participants would be able to forward their concern and their view which become key inputs for the project study. After his speech the moderator invited the consultant to present their report.
Participants from Arada and other area where the project corridors pass raised the following concerns:
· Regarding the extent to which the project has identified the demographic, housing stock, number of shades, and other characteristics of the site targeted by this project.
· They also stated that large volume of people in the project site didn’t have a legal document though they have been living and working in the areas for more than twenty to thirty years. When they will displaced, how do this project will address the needs of these social groups?
· Since this project has a potential to affect the shades, housing units, business activities, in general livelihoods of a number of the residents who has lived in the area for more than 20-30 years precautions must be made not to repeat previous mistakes. So that how this project valuing their existing social economic and other way of life? How does this project will compensate these people since they don’t not have a legal document/title indeed? they are victims of the administrative body since they were denied to get at least kebele houses.
· They recommended the project must have the details of demographic socio economic and other relevant data/statistics before the start-up of project implementation.
· They reflected their fears that to what extent whether this project is sure that it does not replicate the problems that is observed in condominium housing projects of the previous years.
· The project should seriously take in to consideration the livelihoods of these social groups and their existing needs.
Eligibility criteria and Public Awareness
It was noted that there are a number of road related problems in the project site including pedestrian crossing line, congestions, etc so that the residents and passers by in the area have to walk a long distance in order to cross the nearby areas of the other side. One participant highly emphasized the situation by saying that
“ When we think for 10% of the people you don’t need to forget 90% of the residents who are residing, working, and living in the nearby project site and what they said is that this project will affect large number of poor people which needs crucial investigation to reduce the possible impact of the project including continuous public awareness and consultation works.”
In addition participants inquired that since there are other areas where less complex situations and livelihoods are not present why this project did not consider those other potential peripheral areas or sub cities.
Issues on institutional arrangement/Integration
Participants mentioned that transport problem is worsening from time to time, traffic management system is very weak, and there is lack of coordination among different levels of the concerned government bodies. So participants posed questions that to what extent this project and other stakeholders are coordinated? Who are the members of the steering committees that represented in this project from their Woreda? All Woreda areas are the place where project implementation is going to undertake however there is no structure that shows the extent of the integration of this project where civil work is carried out. Participant further said that they did not have any information about this project. From EPA for example, said that their office didn’t represent in the steering committee. He asked why it was so? Further he noted that other concerned government and non government bodies for example Addis Ababa cleaning and beautification office etc should be included in the steering member.
It is also not clearly stated the way how compensation is going to be effected to affected ones, how does this project is looking for the existing national policies, how does this project works to introduce and disseminate the existing laws to the public ? How the principal concerned body of this projects are working to introduce and create awareness among the project beneficiaries/ or people that would be affected by this projects.
Some of the mandates for example roundabouts, intersections etc are given to new bodies. So this project should consider such matters.
The time period of this project does not clearly stated as to when it begins? The span of project life, integration of utility services electricity, water, telephone…. All these are not clearly stated in the document. Participants emphasized that it should be clearly stated that the when and how the utility lines are changes replaced… without costing the routine life of the surrounding people.
Grievance redress mechanisms,
In the name of pavement improvement, this project will affect so many existing facilities including compounds, homes and buildings, etc. the practice of compensation is so a futile exercises which accounts so many complaints from the public for the last several years. So participants anticipate that what this project has to be able to address similar possible public complains in relation to compensation? The previous practice was so funny that it was never consider the actual challenges that displaced HH and family members would be faced after they evacuated in the name of development.
Further it was noted that this project will be raised a governance issues. Therefore, strict measure should be developed while selecting contractors, monitoring and evaluation parameters and capacity and background records of the contractors should be clear out , otherwise it is very advisable to give the contractors to foreigners.
Participants expressed their fear that this move will be inevitable from the place where many people are supposed to be evacuated due to this project especially in Arada sub city. There are a number of people who run different business activities through rental houses (rent for home and business activity). These people become principal victims of the project since there is no legal system that would help them to have enough compensation or relocation or any kind of entitlement. It will be sure that they will be dismantled without any hope by such kind of projects, even though they generate their income from rental of houses for several years in such particular area.
Upgrading Anbessa city Bus, Boundary Delineation and Relocation
Regarding to the modernization of the city bus services, participants affirmed that they will support the idea but raised that to what extent the city bus service will become modernized? Is it is structure? leadership? Or what/ they requested the way that this project addresses this matter. Moreover they noted that Anbessa city bus is found to take the lion share of the cause for current road congestion in Arada project sites. So what shall be done to solve this under this project? Will this project be helpful in this regard?
The existing city lands are located under the boundary of different Woreda’, the Woreda structure did not allow the Woreda administration to exercise and make a decision on their respective areas, even yards of lands! The Woreda administration does not have the right to give or take off a piece of land where as all projects are implemented at their place where they don’t have the right to execute. For simple thing for example the Woreda does not have the right to involve on compensation process except simple observation. We do not have to have professional for this matter.
Sub cities are principal actors while boundary delineation, abolishing informal holdings, etc . It is impossible to take a foot of work before which pre conditions are fulfilled by the concerned body of the sub cities. They are principal stakeholder of any projects that will be undertaken in Addis Ababa.
It was requested that to what extent this project is comprehend with Addis Ababa Master plan.
Participants also complained about their previous experience with the Addis Ababa road and transport bureau that started constructing a road from St Marry to Janmeda without making adequate consultation with the residents. The consequence was very terrible that the people of the surrounding area severely suffered due to the action made by the bureau. The incident disrupted the social and economic activity of the area, damages the day to day life activity of the people, a number of shopping places and dismantled, people are displaced, and development should not be taken with a cost of poor life. Any development should not be taken without the consultation of the would be affected people. But the reality is different. These should be stated in this project document clearly. Therefore, large number of individual are displaced, businessmen are dismantled without any compensation for loss or relocating the victims.
Therefore participants questioned that what issues will be considered for such kind of people. People of title in deed, or living in agency rental or Keble houses will have been compensated according to the expropriation proclamation article 456. However, this proclamation said noting for the above people. So what do you think this project address for these people?
One said that the current public awareness towards thetraffic systemis quite low and such kind of community discussion shall be cascaded down to all grass root level.
Ø Currently the road especially in Arada sub city is characterised by full of activity, for example construction materials and activities in the area are causing a lot of problems. Owners not only overlay the building material on pedestrian road but also fence the road as if they have the right to use the roads until they finish their construction. It has been, however, noted that the basement space have been used for another business which contradicts with the existing rules and regulations.
Ø Others said if the project will be implemented as per written in the project document, it will have a good impact in terms of facilitating the traffic flow especially in the area of the project site. However, introduction of the objectives of this project to all households who will be possibly affected by the project lacks transparency.
Regarding street venders
· In Arada Woreda one, there are several street venders, people whose social economic and their livelihoods relies on the street. This project should contact such groups needs consult these people so as to aware them about the project rationale. So that I can be possible to make them either to change their working place, what they can work, and can avoid any negative consequences in advance.
· A person from Bureau of labor and social affairs reflected their concern regarding the importance of re considering the problems and needs of different special groups of the city residents physically mentally disabled groups. Further he noted that they are ready to work together to address the possible problems related to noise dust and the like
Ato Behailu said this is a benchmark study for the next detailed study that will be carried out soon. This study will serve as a framework for the detail study-which will be conducted to reconsider the whole community which will possibly be affected by this project including low income families.
Regarding the structural arrangement of this project with all working parties, we will take this lesson as a benchmark of what we should not do again. This indeed will help to us an input for this project. Regarding the issue raised about steering committee, we will have to reconsider things again and work accordingly.
Regarding relocation, we will look this part after which the design work is effective and consider who has what, what legal document exist among the project affected groups? How many HHs will be affected, HHs family size affected, etc will be studied in detailed. Further, he remarked that we will come to consensus before which any implementation is undertaken. This study will pave the way how we are going to use for future communication while the project is to be undertaken.
Regarding the selected corridors, it was replied that these area were selected due to the fact that the existing conditions of the sites are so depleted, and raised a concern among different bodies, they are a place where higher educational institutions and government offices are located including high level of traffic congestions. Further the project areas are more or less represents the central part of the city so that this project will played a vital role while changing the image of not only the selected the sites but also the entire city at all. In addition this opportunity is given to these sites since there are a number of road and other infrastructure projects undertaken in other areas and sub cities.
Therefore at the end of the project period the given selected project sights will be improved the traffic conditions, maintain road and pedestrian safety, enhance for better parking services, and helps for transport plan and institutional strength as well as we will have 158 standard cross sectional roads in Addis.
Regarding the role of the stakeholders, all concerned government and others including water and sewage authority, electricity, tele will be part of this project and he further noted that this project will work based on the existing council structure of the city.
Regarding city bus services they are working to upgrade the standards of the city bus service including there are a number of ongoing activities including the construction of home depot, ticketing garage and workshop buildings and facilities in Akaki and Shegole area, are few of among others.
This project is designed to envisage better life style of the residents of Addis in general and the project site in particular said Ato Behailu. There are a number of issues that will be addressed in design part of this project he added. So that, we shall be ready and be responsible for the effectiveness of this project.
Others remarked that this paper is a framework where the coming project issues will be used for further study. Since this project will fall under World Bank category “B” it is supposed that there is less negative impact up on the people where the project is being in effect. They added that special attention was given to Addis because of the fact that there are more than 60 % of the national registered vehicle in Addis which needs urgent response on the existing vast road and transportation challenges.
Further it was remarked that, this discussion document will help us as a framework and would be used to make rational decision in the coming works. This meeting wills not an end by itself and we will come in to your vicinity with professionals to further discuss with the grass level for further similar type of meeting with the public.
Meeting adjourned 1:00 Pm
Expropriation of Landholdings for Public Purpose, Payment of Compensation and Substitute Land Modified Provision
Detail steps and procedures followed during land expropriation, compensation payment, entitlement, and substitute land determination are included. Community participation stages and composition is also defined. This directive is available only in Amharic version. The link is attached herewith;